Benefit Fraud

Legislation: Social Security Administration Act 1992 / Fraud Act 2006

For the purposes of this note, the focus will be on the Social Security Administration Act, as this appears to be the most-commonly used Act for charging benefit fraud offences.  Furthermore, the CPS guidance refers to this rather than the Fraud Act.


1. Dishonest offences:

  • Dishonestly making a false statement or representation (s.111(1)(a) SSAA 1992)
  • Dishonestly producing a false document or allowing it to be produced (s.111(1)(b) SSAA 1992)
  • Dishonestly failing to promptly notify of a change in circumstances affecting benefit (s.111(1A) SSAA 1992)
  • Dishonestly failing to notify of a change in circumstances affecting another person’s benefit (s.111(1B) SSAA 1992)

2. Non-dishonest offences:

  • s. 112 – as per the above but lacking the mental element of dishonesty.


Mode of trial: Dishonest offences are triable either-way.  Non-dishonest offences are triable only summarily.

Maximum sentence: Dishonest offences – 6 months/7 years on indictment.  Non-dishonest offences – fine not exceeding level 5 and/or 3 months


  • False statement / representation:

Lying about employment; i.e. telling the benefit agency that you are unemployed when in fact you are working and getting paid for that work.

  • False document:

Producing a false identity document; i.e. a document pertaining to give a national insurance number (necessary when claiming benefit) when in fact you are not entitled to a NINO.

  • Change in circumstances:

Starting work/ceasing to claim JSA; i.e. failing to inform the relevant authority of the cessation of Job-Seekers allowance/commencement of employment.

  • Change in circumstances affecting another’s benefit:

Where X is responsible for Y and Y moves out of the remit of the benefit agency; i.e. X has power of attorney in relation to Y.  Y lives in Greenwich and claims housing benefit and council tax benefit (lawfully) from LocalAuthorityA.  X then moves Y to LocalAuthorityB.  X is obliged to inform LocalAuthorityA of the move, as thereafter LocalAuthorityB becomes liable to pay Y’s benefit.

CPS guidance can be found here


5 thoughts on “Benefit Fraud

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